CCENT/CCNA ICND1 100-105 Official Cert Guide, Academic Edition




1024 pages
17 MAY 2016


Trust the best-selling Official Cert Guide series from Cisco Press to help you learn, prepare, and practice for exam success. They are built with the objective of providing assessment, review, and practice to help ensure you are fully prepared for your certification exam. CCENT/CCNA ICND1 100-105 Official Cert Guide presents you with an organized test-preparation routine through the use of proven series elements and techniques. Do I Know This Already? quizzes open each chapter and enable you to decide how much time you need to spend on each section. Exam topic lists make referencing easy. Chapter-ending Exam Preparation Tasks help you drill on key concepts you must know thoroughly. * Master Cisco CCENT/CCNA ICND1 100-105 exam topics * Assess your knowledge with chapter-opening quizzes * Review key concepts with exam preparation tasks * Practice with realistic exam questions on the CD-ROM CCENT/CCNA ICND1 100-105 Official Cert Guide from Cisco Press enables you to succeed on the exam the first time and is the only self-study resource approved by Cisco. Best-selling author and expert instructor Wendell Odom shares preparation hints and test-taking tips, helping you identify areas of weakness and improve both your conceptual knowledge and hands-on skills. This complete study package includes * A test-preparation routine proven to help you pass the exams * Do I Know This Already? quizzes, which enable you to decide how much time you need to spend on each section * Chapter-ending and part-ending exercises, which help you drill on key concepts you must know thoroughly * Troubleshooting sections, which help you master the complex scenarios you will face on the exam * The powerful Pearson IT Certification Practice Test software, complete with hundreds of well-reviewed, exam-realistic questions, customization options, and detailed performance reports * A free copy of the CCENT ICND1 100-105 Network Simulator Lite software, complete with meaningful lab exercises that help you hone your hands-on skills with the command-line interface for routers and switches * Links to a series of hands-on config labs developed by the author * Online, interactive practice exercises that help you hone your knowledge * More than 90 minutes of video mentoring from the author * A final preparation chapter, which guides you through tools and resources to help you craft your review and test-taking strategies * Study plan suggestions and templates to help you organize and optimize your study time Well regarded for its level of detail, study plans, assessment features, challenging review questions and exercises, video instruction, and hands-on labs, this official study guide helps you master the concepts and techniques that ensure your exam success. This official study guide helps you master all the topics on the CCENT/CCNA ICND1 exam, including * Networking fundamentals * Implementing basic Ethernet LANs * Ethernet LANs: design, VLANs, and troubleshooting * IPv4 addressing and subnetting * Implementing IPv4 * IPv4 design and troubleshooting * IPv4 services: ACLs and NAT * IPv6 * Network device management Companion DVD The DVD contains more than 300 unique practice exam questions, ICND1 Network Simulator Lite software, online practice exercises, and 90 minutes of video training. Includes Exclusive Offer for 70% Off Premium Edition eBook and Practice Test Also available from Cisco Press for CCENT/CCNA study is the CCENT/CCNA ICND1 100-105 Official Cert Guide Premium Edition eBook and Practice Test. This digital-only certification preparation product combines an eBook with enhanced Pearson IT Certification Practice Test. This integrated learning package * Enables you to focus on individual topic areas or take complete, timed exams * Includes direct links from each question to detailed tutorials to help you understand the concepts behind the questions * Provides unique sets of exam-realistic practice questions * Tracks your performance and provides feedback on a module-by-module basis, laying out a complete assessment of your knowledge to help you focus your study where it is needed most Pearson IT Certification Practice Test minimum system requirements: Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows 7, or Vista (SP2), Microsoft .NET Framework 4.5 Client; Pentium-class 1 GHz processor (or equivalent); 512 MB RAM; 650 MB disk space plus 50 MB for each downloaded practice exam; access to the Internet to register and download exam databases


Introduction xxxiv Your Study Plan 2 Part I Networking Fundamentals 13 Chapter 1 Introduction to TCP/IP Networking 14 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 14 Foundation Topics 17 Perspectives on Networking 17 TCP/IP Networking Model 18 History Leading to TCP/IP 19 Overview of the TCP/IP Networking Model 20 TCP/IP Application Layer 22 TCP/IP Transport Layer 23 TCP/IP Network Layer 25 TCP/IP Link Layer (Data Link Plus Physical) 28 TCP/IP Model and Terminology 30 OSI Networking Model 32 Comparing OSI and TCP/IP 32 Describing Protocols by Referencing the OSI Layers 33 OSI Layers and Their Functions 33 OSI Layering Concepts and Benefits 35 OSI Encapsulation Terminology 35 Chapter 2 Fundamentals of Ethernet LANs 38 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 38 Foundation Topics 40 An Overview of LANs 40 Typical SOHO LANs 41 Typical Enterprise LANs 42 The Variety of Ethernet Physical Layer Standards 43 Consistent Behavior over All Links Using the Ethernet Data Link Layer 44 Building Physical Ethernet Networks with UTP 45 Transmitting Data Using Twisted Pairs 45 Breaking Down a UTP Ethernet Link 46 UTP Cabling Pinouts for 10BASE-T and 100BASE-T 48 UTP Cabling Pinouts for 1000BASE-T 51 Sending Data in Ethernet Networks 51 Ethernet Data-Link Protocols 51 Sending Ethernet Frames with Switches and Hubs 55 Chapter 3 Fundamentals of WANs 60 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 60 Foundation Topics 62 Leased-Line WANs 62 Positioning Leased Lines with LANs and Routers 62 Physical Details of Leased Lines 63 Data-Link Details of Leased Lines 66 Ethernet as a WAN Technology 69 Ethernet WANs that Create a Layer 2 Service 70 How Routers Route IP Packets Using Ethernet Emulation 71 Accessing the Internet 72 The Internet as a Large WAN 72 Internet Access (WAN) Links 73 Digital Subscriber Line 74 Cable Internet 76 Chapter 4 Fundamentals of IPv4 Addressing and Routing 78 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 78 Foundation Topics 81 Overview of Network Layer Functions 81 Network Layer Routing (Forwarding) Logic 81 How Network Layer Routing Uses LANs and WANs 83 IP Addressing and How Addressing Helps IP Routing 84 Routing Protocols 85 IPv4 Addressing 86 Rules for IP Addresses 86 Rules for Grouping IP Addresses 87 IP Subnetting 91 IPv4 Routing 93 IPv4 Host Routing 93 Router Forwarding Decisions and the IP Routing Table 94 IPv4 Routing Protocols 96 Other Network Layer Features 98 Using Names and the Domain Name System 98 The Address Resolution Protocol 99 ICMP Echo and the ping Command 100 Chapter 5 Fundamentals of TCP/IP Transport and Applications 102 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 102 Foundation Topics 104 TCP/IP Layer 4 Protocols: TCP and UDP 104 Transmission Control Protocol 105 User Datagram Protocol 113 TCP/IP Applications 114 Uniform Resource Identifiers 114 Finding the Web Server Using DNS 115 Transferring Files with HTTP 117 How the Receiving Host Identifies the Correct Receiving Application 118 Part I Review 120 Part II Implementing Basic Ethernet LANs 125 Chapter 6 Using the Command-Line Interface 126 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 126 Foundation Topics 128 Accessing the Cisco Catalyst Switch CLI 128 Cisco Catalyst Switches 128 Accessing the Cisco IOS CLI 129 CLI Help Features 136 The debug and show Commands 137 Configuring Cisco IOS Software 138 Configuration Submodes and Contexts 139 Storing Switch Configuration Files 141 Copying and Erasing Configuration Files 143 Chapter 7 Analyzing Ethernet LAN Switching 146 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 146 Foundation Topics 148 LAN Switching Concepts 148 Overview of Switching Logic 149 Forwarding Known Unicast Frames 150 Learning MAC Addresses 153 Flooding Unknown Unicast and Broadcast Frames 154 Avoiding Loops Using Spanning Tree Protocol 154 LAN Switching Summary 155 Verifying and Analyzing Ethernet Switching 156 Demonstrating MAC Learning 156 Switch Interfaces 158 Finding Entries in the MAC Address Table 159 Managing the MAC Address Table (Aging, Clearing) 161 MAC Address Tables with Multiple Switches 162 Chapter 8 Configuring Basic Switch Management 166 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 166 Foundation Topics 168 Securing the Switch CLI 168 Securing User Mode and Privileged Mode with Simple Passwords 169 Securing User Mode Access with Local Usernames and Passwords 173 Securing User Mode Access with External Authentication Servers 175 Securing Remote Access with Secure Shell 176 Enabling IPv4 for Remote Access 179 Host and Switch IP Settings 179 Configuring IPv4 on a Switch 181 Configuring a Switch to Learn Its IP Address with DHCP 182 Verifying IPv4 on a Switch 183 Miscellaneous Settings Useful in Lab 184 History Buffer Commands 184 The logging synchronous, exec-timeout, and no ip domain-lookup Commands 184 Chapter 9 Configuring Switch Interfaces 190 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 190 Foundation Topics 192 Configuring Switch Interfaces 192 Configuring Speed, Duplex, and Description 193 Configuring Multiple Interfaces with the interface range Command 195 Administratively Controlling Interface State with shutdown 195 Removing Configuration with the no Command 197 Autonegotiation 198 Port Security 202 Configuring Port Security 203 Verifying Port Security 205 Port Security Violation Actions 207 Port Security MAC Addresses as Static and Secure but Not Dynamic 207 Part II Review 212 Part III Ethernet LANs: Design, VLANs, and Troubleshooting 217 Chapter 10 Analyzing Ethernet LAN Designs 218 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 218 Foundation Topics 220 Analyzing Collision Domains and Broadcast Domains 220 Ethernet Collision Domains 220 Ethernet Broadcast Domains 224 Analyzing Campus LAN Topologies 227 Two-Tier Campus Design (Collapsed Core) 227 Three-Tier Campus Design (Core) 230 Topology Design Terminology 232 Analyzing LAN Physical Standard Choices 233 Ethernet Standards 234 Choosing the Right Ethernet Standard for Each Link 235 Wireless LANs Combined with Wired Ethernet 236 Chapter 11 Implementing Ethernet Virtual LANs 242 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 242 Foundation Topics 244 Virtual LAN Concepts 244 Creating Multiswitch VLANs Using Trunking 246 Forwarding Data Between VLANs 249 VLAN and VLAN Trunking Configuration and Verification 252 Creating VLANs and Assigning Access VLANs to an Interface 252 VLAN Trunking Protocol 257 VLAN Trunking Configuration 258 Implementing Interfaces Connected to Phones 262 Chapter 12 Troubleshooting Ethernet LANs 270 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 271 Foundation Topics 274 Perspectives on Applying Troubleshooting Methodologies 274 Troubleshooting on the Exams 275 A Deeper Look at Problem Isolation 275 Troubleshooting as Covered in This Book 277 Analyzing Switch Interface Status and Statistics 278 Interface Status Codes and Reasons for Nonworking States 278 Interface Speed and Duplex Issues 279 Common Layer 1 Problems on Working Interfaces 282 Predicting Where Switches Will Forward Frames 284 Predicting the Contents of the MAC Address Table 284 Analyzing the Forwarding Path 286 Analyzing Port Security Operations on an Interface 287 Troubleshooting Shutdown Mode and Err-disabled Recovery 288 Troubleshooting Restrict and Protect Modes 289 Analyzing VLANs and VLAN Trunks 292 Ensuring That the Right Access Interfaces Are in the Right VLANs 292 Access VLANs Not Being Defined 293 Access VLANs Being Disabled 294 Mismatched Trunking Operational States 294 Part III Review 298 Part IV IP Version 4 Addressing and Subnetting 301 Chapter 13 Perspectives on IPv4 Subnetting 302 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 302 Foundation Topics 304 Introduction to Subnetting 304 Subnetting Defined Through a Simple Example 305 Operational View Versus Design View of Subnetting 306 Analyze Subnetting and Addressing Needs 306 Rules About Which Hosts Are in Which Subnet 306 Determining the Number of Subnets 308 Determining the Number of Hosts per Subnet 309 One Size Subnet Fits All-Or Not 310 Make Design Choices 313 Choose a Classful Network 313 Choose the Mask 316 Build a List of All Subnets 320 Plan the Implementation 321 Assigning Subnets to Different Locations 322 Choose Static and Dynamic Ranges per Subnet 323 Chapter 14 Analyzing Classful IPv4 Networks 326 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 326 Foundation Topics 328 Classful Network Concepts 328 IPv4 Network Classes and Related Facts 328 Number of Hosts per Network 331 Deriving the Network ID and Related Numbers 332 Unusual Network IDs and Network Broadcast Addresses 334 Practice with Classful Networks 334 Practice Deriving Key Facts Based on an IP Address 335 Practice Remembering the Details of Address Classes 335 Additional Practice for This Chapter's Processes 337 Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 337 Chapter 15 Analyzing Subnet Masks 340 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 340 Foundation Topics 342 Subnet Mask Conversion 342 Three Mask Formats 342 Converting Between Binary and Prefix Masks 343 Converting Between Binary and DDN Masks 344 Converting Between Prefix and DDN Masks 346 Practice Converting Subnet Masks 346 Identifying Subnet Design Choices Using Masks 347 Masks Divide the Subnet's Addresses into Two Parts 348 Masks and Class Divide Addresses into Three Parts 349 Classless and Classful Addressing 350 Calculations Based on the IPv4 Address Format 350 Practice Analyzing Subnet Masks 352 Additional Practice for This Chapter's Processes 354 Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 354 Chapter 16 Analyzing Existing Subnets 356 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 356 Foundation Topics 358 Defining a Subnet 358 An Example with Network and Four Subnets 358 Subnet ID Concepts 360 Subnet Broadcast Address 361 Range of Usable Addresses 361 Analyzing Existing Subnets: Binary 362 Finding the Subnet ID: Binary 362 Finding the Subnet Broadcast Address: Binary 364 Binary Practice Problems 364 Shortcut for the Binary Process 366 Brief Note About Boolean Math 367 Finding the Range of Addresses 367 Analyzing Existing Subnets: Decimal 368 Analysis with Easy Masks 368 Predictability in the Interesting Octet 369 Finding the Subnet ID: Difficult Masks 370 Finding the Subnet Broadcast Address: Difficult Masks 372 Practice Analyzing Existing Subnets 374 A Choice: Memorize or Calculate 374 Additional Practice for This Chapter's Processes 375 Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 376 Part IV Review 378 Part V Implementing IPv4 383 Chapter 17 Operating Cisco Routers 384 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 384 Foundation Topics 386 Installing Cisco Routers 386 Installing Enterprise Routers 386 Installing Internet Access Routers 389 Enabling IPv4 Support on Cisco Router Interfaces 390 Accessing the Router CLI 390 Router Interfaces 391 Interface Status Codes 393 Router Interface IP Addresses 394 Bandwidth and Clock Rate on Serial Interfaces 396 Router Auxiliary Port 398 Chapter 18 Configuring IPv4 Addresses and Static Routes 402 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 403 Foundation Topics 405 IP Routing 405 IPv4 Routing Process Reference 405 An Example of IP Routing 408 Configuring IP Addresses and Connected Routes 412 Connected Routes and the ip address Command 413 The ARP Table on a Cisco Router 415 Routing Between Subnets on VLANs 415 Configuring Static Routes 422 Static Route Configuration 422 Static Host Routes 424 Static Routes with No Competing Routes 425 Static Routes with Competing Routes 425 Static Default Routes 427 Troubleshooting Static Routes 428 Chapter 19 Learning IPv4 Routes with RIPv2 434 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 435 Foundation Topics 437 RIP and Routing Protocol Concepts 437 History of Interior Gateway Protocols 437 Comparing IGPs 438 Distance Vector Basics 439 Summarizing RIPv2 Features 442 Core RIPv2 Configuration and Verification 443 Configuring Core RIPv2 Features 443 RIPv2 Verification 447 Optional RIPv2 Configuration and Verification 452 Controlling RIP Updates with the passive-interface Command 452 Supporting Multiple Equal-Cost Routes with Maximum Paths 453 Understanding Autosummarization and Discontiguous Classful Networks 454 Verifying Optional RIP Features 456 RIPv2 Default Routes 458 Troubleshooting RIPv2 461 Symptoms with Missing and Incorrect network Commands 463 Issues Related to Passive Interfaces 464 Issues Related to auto-summary 465 RIP Issues Caused by Other Router Features 466 Summary of RIP Troubleshooting Issues 466 Chapter 20 DHCP and IP Networking on Hosts 470 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 471 Foundation Topics 473 Implementing and Troubleshooting DHCP 473 DHCP Concepts 473 DHCP Server Configuration on Routers 478 IOS DHCP Server Verification 480 Troubleshooting DHCP Services 481 Verifying Host IPv4 Settings 486 IP Address and Mask Configuration 487 Name Resolution with DNS 488 Default Routers 489 IPv4 Address Types 490 Review of Unicast (Class A, B, and C) IP Addresses 491 IP Broadcast Addresses 491 IPv4 Multicast Addresses (Class D Addresses) 492 Comparing and Contrasting IP Address Types 494 Part V Review 498 Part VI IPv4 Design and Troubleshooting 503 Chapter 21 Subnet Design 504 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 504 Foundation Topics 506 Choosing the Mask(s) to Meet Requirements 506 Review: Choosing the Minimum Number of Subnet and Host Bits 507 No Masks Meet Requirements 508 One Mask Meets Requirements 509 Multiple Masks Meet Requirements 510 The Formal Process 512 Practice Choosing Subnet Masks 513 Finding All Subnet IDs 513 First Subnet ID: The Zero Subnet 514 Finding the Pattern Using the Magic Number 515 A Formal Process with Less Than 8 Subnet Bits 515 Finding All Subnets with Exactly 8 Subnet Bits 519 Finding All Subnets with More Than 8 Subnet Bits 520 Practice Finding All Subnet IDs 523 Additional Practice for This Chapter's Processes 524 Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 524 Chapter 22 Variable-Length Subnet Masks 528 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 528 Foundation Topics 530 VLSM Concepts and Configuration 530 Classless and Classful Routing Protocols 530 VLSM Configuration and Verification 531 Finding VLSM Overlaps 532 Designing Subnetting Plans with VLSM 533 An Example of Finding a VLSM Overlap 534 Practice Finding VLSM Overlaps 536 Adding a New Subnet to an Existing VLSM Design 536 An Example of Adding a New VLSM Subnet 537 Additional Practice for This Chapter's Processes 539 Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 539 Chapter 23 IPv4 Troubleshooting Tools 542 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 543 Foundation Topics 543 Problem Isolation Using the ping Command 543 Ping Command Basics 543 Strategies and Results When Testing with the ping Command 544 Using Ping with Names and with IP Addresses 552 Problem Isolation Using the traceroute Command 553 traceroute Basics 553 Using traceroute to Isolate the Problem to Two Routers 557 Telnet and SSH 559 Common Reasons to Use the IOS Telnet and SSH Client 559 IOS Telnet and SSH Examples 560 Chapter 24 Troubleshooting IPv4 Routing 564 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 565 Foundation Topics 565 Problems Between the Host and the Default Router 565 Root Causes Based on a Host's IPv4 Settings 566 Root Causes Based on the Default Router's Configuration 570 Problems with Routing Packets Between Routers 574 IP Forwarding by Matching the Most Specific Route 575 Routing Problems Caused by Incorrect Addressing Plans 579 Pointers to Related Troubleshooting Topics 583 Part VI Review 586 Part VII IPv4 Services: ACLs and NAT 591 Chapter 25 Basic IPv4 Access Control Lists 592 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 592 Foundation Topics 594 IPv4 Access Control List Basics 594 ACL Location and Direction 594 Matching Packets 595 Taking Action When a Match Occurs 596 Types of IP ACLs 596 Standard Numbered IPv4 ACLs 597 List Logic with IP ACLs 598 Matching Logic and Command Syntax 599 Implementing Standard IP ACLs 602 Troubleshooting and Verification Tips 606 Practice Applying Standard IP ACLs 607 Practice Building access-list Commands 608 Reverse Engineering from ACL to Address Range 608 Additional Practice for This Chapter's Processes 611 Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 612 Chapter 26 Advanced IPv4 Access Control Lists 614 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 615 Foundation Topics 616 Extended Numbered IP Access Control Lists 616 Matching the Protocol, Source IP, and Destination IP 617 Matching TCP and UDP Port Numbers 618 Extended IP ACL Configuration 621 Practice Building access-list Commands 624 Named ACLs and ACL Editing 625 Named IP Access Lists 625 Editing ACLs Using Sequence Numbers 627 Numbered ACL Configuration Versus Named ACL Configuration 629 ACL Implementation Considerations 630 Troubleshooting with IPv4 ACLs 631 Analyzing ACL Behavior in a Network 631 ACL Interactions with Router-Generated Packets 637 Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 641 Chapter 27 Network Address Translation 642 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 642 Foundation Topics 645 Perspectives on IPv4 Address Scalability 645 CIDR 645 Private Addressing 646 Network Address Translation Concepts 647 Static NAT 648 Dynamic NAT 650 Overloading NAT with Port Address Translation 652 NAT Configuration and Troubleshooting 653 Static NAT Configuration 653 Dynamic NAT Configuration 655 Dynamic NAT Verification 657 NAT Overload (PAT) Configuration 660 NAT Troubleshooting 662 Part VII Review 666 Part VIII IP Version 6 671 Chapter 28 Fundamentals of IP Version 6 672 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 672 Foundation Topics 674 Introduction to IPv6 674 IPv6 Addressing Formats and Conventions 680 Additional Practice for This Chapter's Processes 686 Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 687 Chapter 29 IPv6 Addressing and Subnetting 688 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 688 Foundation Topics 690 Global Unicast Addressing Concepts 690 A Brief Review of Public and Private IPv4 Addresses 690 The IPv6 Global Routing Prefix 693 Address Ranges for Global Unicast Addresses 695 IPv6 Subnetting Using Global Unicast Addresses 696 Assigning Addresses to Hosts in a Subnet 700 Unique Local Unicast Addresses 701 Subnetting with Unique Local IPv6 Addresses 701 The Need for Globally Unique Local Addresses 702 Chapter 30 Implementing IPv6 Addressing on Routers 704 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 705 Foundation Topics 706 Implementing Unicast IPv6 Addresses on Routers 706 Static Unicast Address Configuration 707 Dynamic Unicast Address Configuration 715 Special Addresses Used by Routers 715 Link-Local Addresses 716 IPv6 Multicast Addresses 719 Miscellaneous IPv6 Addresses 723 IPv6 Addressing Configuration Summary 723 Additional Practice for This Chapter's Processes 725 Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 726 Chapter 31 Implementing IPv6 Addressing on Hosts 728 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 728 Foundation Topics 730 The Neighbor Discovery Protocol 730 Discovering Routers with NDP RS and RA 731 Discovering Addressing Info for SLAAC with NDP RS and RA 732 Discovering Neighbor Link Addresses with NDP NS and NA 733 Discovering Duplicate Addresses Using NDP NS and NA 734 NDP Summary 735 Dynamic Configuration of Host IPv6 Settings 735 Dynamic Configuration Using Stateful DHCP and NDP 736 Using Stateless Address Auto Configuration 739 Troubleshooting IPv6 Addressing 741 Verifying Host IPv6 Connectivity from Hosts 741 Verifying Host Connectivity from Nearby Routers 744 Chapter 32 Implementing IPv6 Routing 750 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 750 Foundation Topics 752 Connected and Local IPv6 Routes 752 Rules for Connected and Local Routes 753 Example of Connected IPv6 Routes 753 Examples of Local IPv6 Routes 755 Static IPv6 Routes 756 Static Routes Using the Outgoing Interface 756 Static Routes Using Next-Hop IPv6 Address 758 Static Default Routes 760 Static IPv6 Host Routes 761 Floating Static IPv6 Routes 762 Default Routes with SLAAC on Router Interfaces 763 Troubleshooting Static IPv6 Routes 765 Part VIII Review 772 Part IX Network Device Management 777 Chapter 33 Device Management Protocols 778 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 779 Foundation Topics 780 System Message Logging (Syslog) 780 Sending Messages in Real Time to Current Users 780 Storing Log Messages for Later Review 781 Log Message Format 782 Log Message Severity Levels 783 Configuring and Verifying System Logging 784 The debug Command and Log Messages 786 Network Time Protocol (NTP) 787 Setting the Time and Timezone 788 Implementing NTP Clients, Servers, and Client/Server Mode 789 NTP Using a Loopback Interface for Better Availability 791 Analyzing Topology Using CDP and LLDP 793 Examining Information Learned by CDP 793 Configuring and Verifying CDP Itself 796 Implementing Link Layer Discovery Protocol 797 Chapter 34 Device Security Features 802 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 802 Foundation Topics 804 Securing IOS Passwords 804 Encrypting Older IOS Passwords with service password-encryption 805 Encoding the Enable Passwords with Hashes 806 Hiding the Passwords for Local Usernames 810 Cisco Device Hardening 810 Configuring Login Banners 810 Securing Unused Switch Interfaces 812 Controlling Telnet and SSH Access with ACLs 813 Firewalls 814 Chapter 35 Managing IOS Files 820 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 820 Foundation Topics 822 Managing Cisco IOS Images and Upgrades 822 The IOS File System 822 Upgrading IOS Images 824 The Cisco IOS Software Boot Sequence 830 Password Recovery 835 The General Ideas Behind Cisco Password Recovery/Reset 836 A Specific Password Reset Example 837 Managing Configuration Files 839 Copying and Erasing Configuration Files 839 Initial Configuration (Setup Mode) 843 Chapter 36 IOS License Management 848 Do I Know This Already? Quiz 848 Foundation Topics 850 IOS Packaging 850 IOS Images per Model, Series, and per Software Version/Release 850 Original Packaging: One IOS Image per Feature Set Combination 851 New IOS Packaging: One Universal Image with All Feature Sets 851 IOS Software Activation with Universal Images 852 The Future: Cisco ONE Licensing 854 Managing Software Activation with Cisco License Manager 854 Manually Activating Software Using Licenses 855 Example of Manually Activating a License 857 Right-to-Use Licenses 861 Part IX Review 864 Part X Final Review 867 Chapter 37 Final Review 868 Advice About the Exam Event 868 Learn the Question Types Using the Cisco Certification Exam Tutorial 868 Think About Your Time Budget Versus Number of Questions 869 A Suggested Time-Check Method 870 Miscellaneous Pre-Exam Suggestions 870 Exam-Day Advice 871 Reserve the Hour After the Exam in Case You Fail 871 Exam Review 872 Practice Subnetting and Other Math-Related Skills 873 Take Practice Exams 874 Find Knowledge Gaps Through Question Review 877 Practice Hands-On CLI Skills 879 Assess Whether You Are Ready to Pass (and the Fallacy of Exam Scores) 881 Study Suggestions After Failing to Pass 882 Other Study Tasks 883 Final Thoughts 884 Part XI Appendixes 887 Appendix A Numeric Reference Tables 889 Appendix B CCENT/CCNA ICND1 100-105 Exam Updates 895 Glossary 897 DVD Appendixes Appendix C Answers to the Do I Know This Already? Quizzes Appendix D Practice for Chapter 14: Analyzing Classful IPv4 Networks Appendix E Practice for Chapter 15: Analyzing Subnet Masks Appendix F Practice for Chapter 16: Analyzing Existing Subnets Appendix G Practice for Chapter 21: Subnet Design Appendix H Practice for Chapter 22: Variable-Length Subnet Masks Appendix I Practice for Chapter 25: Basic IPv4 Access Control Lists Appendix J Practice for Chapter 28: Fundamentals of IP Version 6 Appendix K Practice for Chapter 30: Implementing IPv6 Addressing on Routers Appendix L Mind Map Solutions Appendix M Study Planner Appendix N Classless Inter-domain Routing Appendix O Route Summarization Appendix P Implementing Point-to-Point WANs Appendix Q Topics from Previous Editions Appendix R Exam Topics Cross Reference 9781587205804 TOC 5/13/2016