Art in Theory 1900-2000 - an Anthology of Changing Ideas 2E




1288 pages
23 SEP 2002


This popular anthology of twentieth-century art theoretical texts has now been expanded to take account of new research, and to include significant contributions to art theory from the 1990s.* New edition of this popular anthology of twentieth-century art-theoretical texts.* Now updated to include the results of new research, together with significant contributions from the 1990s.* Includes writings by critics, philosophers, politicians and literary figures.* The editors provide contextual introductions to 340 texts.* Complements Art in Theory 1648-1815 and Art in Theory 1815-1900 to create a complete survey of the theories underpinning the development of art in the modern period.


Preface and Acknowledgements. A Note on the Presentation and Editing of Texts. General Introduction. Part I: The Legacy of Symbolism. Introduction. 1. Classicism and Originality. Paul Signac: from Eugene Delacroix to Neo-Impressionism 1899. Paul Gauguin: letter to Fontainas 1899. Sigmund Freud: from 'On Dreams' 1901. Otto Weininger: from Sex and Character 1903. Max Liebermann: 'Imagination in Painting' 1904. Paul Cezanne: letters to Emile Bernard 1904-06. Rainer Maria Rilke: from Letters on Cezanne 1907. Maurice Denis (intro. Roger Fry): 'Cezanne' 1907. Maurice Denis: 'From Gauguin and Van Gogh to Neo-Classicism' 1909. Julius Meier-Graefe: 'The Mediums of Art, Past and Present' 1904. Giorgio de Chirico: 'Mystery and Creation' 1913. 2. Expression and the Primitive. August Endell: 'The Beauty of Form and Decorative Art' 1897-98. Albert Pinkham Ryder: 'Paragraphs from the Studio of a Recluse' 1905. Andre Derain: letters to Vlaminck c.1905-1909. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner: programme of Die Brucke 1906. Wilhelm Worringer: from Abstraction and Empathy 1908. Henri Matisse: 'Notes of a Painter' 1908. Roger Fry: 'An Essay in Aesthetics' 1909. Wassily Kandinsky: from Concerning the Spiritual in Art 1911. Wassily Kandinsky: The Cologne Lecture 1914. Franz Marc: 'The Savages of Germany' and 'Two Pictures' 1912. August Macke: 'Masks' 1912. Emil Nolde: 'On Primitive Art' 1912. Oscar Kokoschka: 'On the Nature of Visions' 1912. Alexander Shevchenko: 'Neo-Primitivism' 1913. Benedetto Croce: 'What is Art?' 1913. Clive Bell: 'The Aesthetic Hypothesis' 1914. Carl Einstein: 'Negro Sculpture' 1915. Hermann Bahr: from Expressionism 1916. Hans Prinzhorn: from Artistry of the Mentally Ill 1922. Part II: The Idea of the Modern World. Introduction. 3. Modernity. Georg Simmel: 'Metropolis and Mental Life' 1902-3. Max Weber: 'Asceticism and the Spirit of Capitalism' 1904-05. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin: 'Party Organization and Party Literature' 1905. Henri Bergson: from Creative Evolution 1907. Alexander Blok: 'Nature and Culture' 1908. Filippo Tommaso Marinetti: 'The Foundation and Manifesto of Futurism' 1909. Umberto Boccioni et al: 'Futurist Painting: Technical Manifesto' 1910. Robert Delaunay: 'On the Construction of Reality in Pure Painting' 1912. Georgy Valentinovich Plekhanov: from Art and Social Life 1912. Franz Marc: 'Foreword' 1914. Fernand Leger: 'Contemporary Achievements in Painting' 1914. Percy Wyndham Lewis: 'Our Vortex' 1914. Henri Gaudier-Brzeska: 'Gaudier-Brzeska Vortex' 1914, and 'Vortex Gaudier-Brzeska' 1915. Ludwig Meidner: 'Instructions for Painting Pictures of the Metropolis' 1914. Karl Kraus: from 'In These Great Times' 1914. Kasimir Malevich: From Cubism and Futurism to Suprematism: The New Realism in Painting 1915-16. 4. Cubism. Jean Metzinger: 'Note on Painting' 1910. Guillaume Apollinaire: 'The Cubists' 1911. Guillaume Apollinaire: 'On the Subject in Modern Painting' 1912. Guillaume Apollinaire: 'The New Painting: Art Notes' 1912. Guillaume Apollinaire: from The Cubist Painters 1912. Jacques Riviere: 'Present Tendencies in Painting' 1912. Albert Gleizes and Jean Metzinger: from Cubism 1912. Fernand Leger: 'The Origins of Painting and its Representational Value' 1913. Olga Rozanova: 'The Bases of the New Creation' 1913. Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler: from The Rise of Cubism 1916-20. Georges Braque: 'Thoughts on Painting' 1917. Pablo Picasso: 'Picasso Speaks' 1923. Part III: Rationalization and Transformation. Introduction. 5. Neo-Classicism and the Call to Order. Amedee Ozenfant: 'Notes on Cubism' 1916. Guillaume Apollinaire: 'The New Spirit and the Poets' 1918. Oswald Spengler: from The Decline of the West 1918. Carlo Carra: 'Our Antiquity' 1916-18. Leonce Rosenberg: 'Tradition and Cubism' 1919. Giorgio de Chirico: 'The Return to Craft' 1919. Charles Edouard Jeanneret (Le Corbusier) and Amedee Ozenfant: 'Purism' 1920. Albert Gleizes: 'The Dada Case' 1920. Andre Derain: 'On Raphael' 1920. Percy Wyndham Lewis: 'The Children of the New Epoch' 1921. Juan Gris: Reply to a Questionnaire 1921. Gustav Friedrich Hartlaub: 'Reply to a Questionnaire' 1922. 6. Dissent and Disorder. Hugo Ball: 'Dada Fragments' 1916-17. Marcel Duchamp: 'The Richard Mutt Case' 1917. Tristan Tzara: 'Dada Manifesto 1918' 1918. Richard Huelsenbeck: 'First German Dada Manifesto' 1918. Richard Huelsenbeck and Raoul Hausmann: 'What is Dadaism and what does it want in Germany?' 1919. Richard Huelsenbeck: from En Avant Dada 1920. Alexander Blok: 'The Decline of Humanism' 1918. Novembergruppe: Draft Manifesto 1918 and 'Guidelines' 1919. Novembergruppe Opposition: 'Open Letter to the Novembergruppe' 1921. Walter Gropius: Reply to Arbeitsrat fur Kunst Questionnaire 1919. Max Beckmann: 'Creative Credo' 1918-20. Max Pechstein: 'Creative Credo' 1920. George Grosz: 'My New Pictures' 1921. Francis Picabia: 'Thank you, Francis!' 1923. 7. Abstraction and Form. Hans Arp: Introduction to a catalogue 1915. Man Ray: Statement 1916. Viktor Shklovsky: from 'Art as Technique' 1917. De Stijl: 'Manifesto 1' 1918. Theo van Doesburg: from Principles of Neo-Plastic Art 1915-25. Piet Mondrian: 'Dialogue on the New Plastic' 1919. Piet Mondrian: Neo-Plasticism: the General Principle of Plastic Equivalence 1920-21. Kasimir Malevich: 'Non-Objective Art and Suprematism' 1919. Kasimir Malevich: The Question of Imitative Art 1920. Naum Gabo and Anton Pevsner: 'The Realistic Manifesto' 1920. UNOVIS: 'Programme of a United Audience in Painting of the Vitebsk State Free Workshops' 1920. Wassily Kandinsky: 'Plan for the Physico-psychological Department of the Russian Academy of Artistic Sciences' 1921. Johannes Itten: 'Analyses of Old Master Art' 1921. Oskar Schlemmer: Notes 1922-23. Walter Gropius: 'The Theory and Organization of the Bauhaus' 1923. Theo van Doesburg, El Lissitsky, Hans Richter: 'Declaration of the International Fraction of Constructivists of the First International Congress of Progressive Artists' 1922-23. 17 Wladyslaw Strzeminski: 'What is legitimately called the New Art...' 1924. El Lissitsky: 'A and Pangeometry' 1925. Hannah Hoch: 'The painter' c. 1920. Jose Ortega y Gasset: from The Dehumanisation of Art 1925. 8. Utility and Construction. KOMFUT: 'Programme Declaration' 1919. Vladimir Tatlin: 'The Initiative Individual in the Collective' 1919. Lyubov Popova: Catalogue statement 1919. Nikolai Punin: 'The Monument to the Third International' 1920. Alexander Rodchenko: 'Slogans' and 'Organizational Programme' 1920-21. Alexander Rodchenko and Varvara Stepanova: 'Programme of the First Working Group of Constructivists' 1922. Alexei Gan: from Constructivism 1922. El Lissitsky and Ilya Ehrenburg: Statement by the editors of Veshch 1922. LEF editorial: 'Whom is LEF alerting?' 1923. Osip Brik: 'The So-Called Formal Method 1923. Osip Brik: 'From Picture to Calico-Print' 1924. Vladimir Tatlin: 'Report of the Section for Material Culture's Research Work' 1924. Part IV: Freedom, Responsibility and Power. Introduction. 9. The Modern as Ideal. Paul Klee: from On Modern Art 1924. Amedee Ozenfant: from Foundations of Modern Art 1928. Hans Hofmann: 'On the Aims of Art' 1931. Abstraction-Creation: Editorial Statements 1932 and 1933. Wladyslaw Strzeminski: Statements 1932 and 1933. Carl Gustav Jung: On the concept of the 'archetype' 1934 and 1938. Alfred H. Barr Jr: from Cubism and Abstract Art 1936. Henri Matisse: Statements to Teriade 1936. Naum Gabo: 'The Constructive Idea in Art' 1937. Piet Mondrian: 'Plastic Art and Pure Plastic Art' 1937. Barbara Hepworth: 'Sculpture' 1937. American Abstract Artists: Editorial Statement 1938. Ibram Lassaw: 'On Inventing Our Own Art' 1938. Ben Nicholson: 'Notes on Abstract Art' 1941. 10. Realism as Figuration. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin: 'On Proletarian Culture' 1920. AKhRR: 'Declaration' 1922. AKhRR: 'The Immediate Tasks of AKhRR' 1924. David A. Siqueiros et al: 'A Declaration of Social, Political and Aesthetic Principles' 1922. Red Group: 'Manifesto' 1924. Otto Dix: 'The Object is Primary' 1927. ARBKD (Asso): 'Manifesto' and 'Statutes' 1928. George Grosz: from 'My Life' 1928. Alfred Rosenberg: from The Myth of the Twentieth Century 1930. Georg Lukacs: ' Tendency or Partisanship?' 1932. Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party: 'Decree on the Reconstruction of Literary and Artistic Organizations' 1932. John Reed Club of New York: 'Draft Manifesto' 1932. Diego Rivera: The Revolutionary Spirit in Modern Art' 1932. Mario Sironi: 'Manifesto of Mural Painting' 1933. Andrei Zhdanov: 'Speech to the Congress of Soviet Writers' 1934. David A. Siqueiros: 'Towards a Transformation of the Plastic Arts' 1934. Stuart Davis and Clarence Weinstock: 'Abstract Painting in America', 'Contradictions in Abstractions' and 'A Medium of 2 Dimensions' 1935. Grant Wood: from Revolt Against the City 1935. Francis Klingender: 'Content and Form in Art' 1935. Adolf Hitler: Speech Inaugurating the 'Great Exhibition of German Art' 1937. 11. Realism as Critique. Leon Trotsky: from Literature and Revolution 1922-23. Andre Breton: from the First Manifesto of Surrealism 1924. Louis Aragon: from Paris Peasant 1924. Louis Aragon et al. 'Declaration of the Bureau de Recherches Surrealistes' 1925. Andre Breton: Surrealism and Painting 1928. Andre Breton: from the 'Second Manifesto of Surrealism' 1929. George Grosz and Wieland Herzfelde: 'Art is in Danger' 1925. Osip Brik: 'Photography versus Painting' 1926. Sergei Tretyakov: 'We are searching' and 'We Raise the Alarm' 1927. Siegfried Kracauer: from 'The Mass Ornament' 1927. October (Association of Artistic Labour):'Declaration' 1928. Georges Bataille: from 'Critical Dictionary' 1929-30. Georges Bataille: 'The Lugubrious Game' 1929. Salvador Dali: 'The Stinking Ass' 1930. Gustav Klucis: 'Photomontage as a new problem in Agit Art' 1931. Max Ernst: 'What is Surrealism?' 1934. Walter Benjamin: 'The Author as Producer' 1934. Bertolt Brecht: 'Popularity and Realism' 1938. Fernand Leger: 'The New Realism Goes On' 1937. 12. Modernism as Critique. Kasimir Malevich: Letter to Meyerhold 1932. Pablo Picasso: 'Conversation with Picasso' 1935. Herbert Read: 'What is Revolutionary Art?' 1935. Meyer Schapiro: 'The Social Bases of Art' 1936. Jan Mukarvosky: from Aesthetic Function 1934/36. Walter Benjamin: 'The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction' 1936. Theodor Adorno: Letter to Benjamin 1936. Ernst Bloch: 'Discussing Expressionism' 1938. Andre Breton, Diego Rivera and Leon Trotsky: 'Towards a Free Revolutionary Art' 1938. R. G. Collingwood: Good Art and Bad Art' 1938. Clement Greenberg: 'Avant-Garde and Kitsch' 1939. Harold Rosenberg: 'The Fall of Paris' 1940. Part V: The Individual and the Social. Introduction. 13. The American Avant-Garde. Clement Greenberg: 'Towards a Newer Laocoon' 1940. Adolph Gottlieb and Mark Rothko with Barnett Newman: Statement 1943. Jackson Pollock: Answers to a Questionnaire 1944. Jackson Pollock: Two Statements 1947 and 1947/8. Mark Rothko: 'The Romantics were Prompted...' 1947. Mark Rothko: Statement 1947. Adolph Gottlieb: Statement 1947. Barnett Newman: 'The Ideographic Picture' 1947. Barnett Newman: 'The First Man was an Artist' 1947. Clement Greenberg: 'The Decline of Cubism' 1948. Barnett Newman: 'The Sublime is Now' 1948. Willem de Kooning: 'A Desperate View' 1949. Jackson Pollock: Interview with William Wright 1950. David Smith: 'Aesthetics, the Artist and the Audience' 1952. Clyfford Still: Statement 1952. Harold Rosenberg: from 'The American Action Painters' 1952. Clyfford Still: letter to Gordon Smith 1959. 14. Individualism in Europe. Wols: Aphorisms c. 1945-51. Jean-Paul Sartre: from Existentialism and Humanism 1946. Jean Dubuffet: 'Notes for the Well-Lettered' 1946. Jean Dubuffet: 'Crude Art Preferred to Cultural Art' 1948. Antonin Artaud: from Van Gogh: the Man Suicided by Society 1947. Jean-Paul Sartre: 'The Search for the Absolute' 1948. Samuel Beckett and Georges Duthuit: from Three Dialogues 1949. Jacques Lacan: 'The Mirror-Phase as Formative of the Function of the I' 1949. Jean-Michel Atlan: 'Abstraction and Adventure in Contemporary Art' 1950. Francis Ponge: 'Reflections on the Statuettes, Figures and Paintings of Alberto Giacometti' 1951. Albert Camus: 'Creation and Revolution' 1951. Michel Tapie: from An Other Art 1952. Georg Baselitz: 'Pandemonium Manifestos' 1961-2. Francis Bacon: Interview with David Sylvester 1962-3. 15. Art and Society. Maurice de Vlaminck: 'Open Opinions on Painting' 1942. Francis Klingender: from Marxism and Modern Art 1943. Robert Motherwell: 'The Modern Painter's World' 1944. Renato Guttuso: 'Crisis of Renewal' 1944. Pablo Picasso: 'Why I Joined the Communist Party' 1944. Pablo Picasso: Statement to Simone Tery 1945. Frida Kahlo: On Moses 1945. Lucio Fontana: 'The White Manifesto' 1946. Vladimir Kemenov: from 'Aspects of Two Cultures' 1947. Robert Motherwell and Harold Rosenberg: 'The Question of What Will Emerge Is Left Open' 1947/8. Constant: 'Our Own Desires Build the Revolution' 1949. Asger Jorn: 'Forms Conceived as Language' 1949. Andre Fougeron: 'The Painter on his Battlement' 1948. Hans Sedlmayr and Theodor Adorno: from the 'Darmstadt Colloquy' 1950. George Dondero: from The Congressional Record 1949. Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. from The Politics of Freedom 1950. Alfred H. Barr Jr. 'Is Modern Art Communistic?' 1952. Ben Shahn: 'The Artist and the Politician' 1953. Henry Moore: 'The Sculptor in Modern Society' 1952. David A. Siqueiros: 'Open Letter to the Painters, Sculptors and Engravers of the Soviet Union' 1955. Georg Lukacs: 'The Ideology of Modernism' 1956. Part VI: The Moment of Modernism. 16. Art and Modern Life. Roland Barthes: from 'Myth Today' 1956. Jiro Yoshihara: Gutai Manifesto 1956. Guy Debord: Writings from the Situationist International 1957-61. Asger Jorn: 'Detourned Painting' 1959. Frantz Fanon: 'On National Culture' 1959. Lawrence Alloway: 'The Arts and the Mass Media' 1958. Allan Kaprow: from Assemblages, Environments and Happenings 1959-65. Piero Manzoni: 'Free Dimension' 1960. Pierre Restany: 'The New Realists' 1960. Groupe de Recherche d'Art Visuel: 'Transforming the Current Situation of Plastic Art' 1961/2. George Maciunas: 'Neo-Dada in Music, Theater, Poetry, Art' 1962. Raymond William: 'The Analysis of Culture' 1961. John Cage: 'On Robert Rauschenberg, Artist, and his Work' 1961. Jasper Johns: Interview with David Sylvester 1965. Richard Hamilton: 'For the Finest Art, Try Pop' 1961. Claes Oldenburg: from Documents from The Store 1961. Andy Warhol: Interview with Gene Swenson 1963. Roy Lichtenstein: Lecture to College Art Association 1964. George Kubler: from The Shape of Time 1962. Marshall McLuhan: from Understanding Media 1964. Gerhard Richter: 'Notes 1964-5'. Tony Smith: from an interview with Samuel Wagstaff Jr 1966. Jasper Johns: Obituary of Marcel Duchamp 1968. 17. Modernist Art. Alain Robbe-Grillet: 'Commitment' 1957. David Smith: 'Tradition and Identity' 1959. Maurice Merleau-Ponty: from 'Eye and Mind' 1961. Roger Hilton: 'Remarks about Painting' 1961. Clement Greenberg: 'Modernist Painting' 1960-65. Theodor Adorno: from 'Commitment' 1962. Barnett Newman: Interview with Dorothy Gees Seckler 1962. Clement Greenberg: from 'After Abstract Expressionism' 1962. Michael Fried: from Three American Painters 1965. Michael Fried: from 'Shape as Form: Frank Stella's New Paintings' 1966. Jules Olitski: 'Painting in Color' 1967. Stanley Cavell: 'A Matter of Meaning It' 1967. William Tucker and Tim Scott: 'Reflections on Sculpture' 1967. Richard Wollheim: 'The Work of Art as Object' 1970. Part VII: Institutions and Objections. Introduction. 18. Objecthood and Reductivism. Yves Klein: from 'The Evolution of Art towards the Immaterial' 1959. Carl Andre: 'Preface to Stripe Painting' 1959. Frank Stella: Pratt Institute Lecture 1959-60. Ad Reinhardt: 'Art as Art' 1962. Donald Judd: 'Specific Objects' 1965. Robert Morris: 'Notes on Sculpture 1-3' 1966-67. Michael Fried: 'Art and Objecthood' 1967. Sol LeWitt: 'Paragraphs on Conceptual Art' 1967. Sol LeWitt: 'Sentences on Conceptual Art' 1969. Robert Barry: Interview with Arthur R. Rose 1969. Joseph Kosuth: 'Art after Philosophy' 1969. Daniel Buren, Olivier Mosset, Michel Parmentier and Niele Toroni: Statement 1967. Daniel Buren: 'Beware' 1969-70. 19. Attitudes to Form. Terry Atkinson and Michael Baldwin: 'Air Show' 1967. Michelangelo Pistoletto: 'Famous Last Words' 1967. Robert Smithson: 'A Sedimentation of the Mind: Earth Projects' 1968. Robert Morris: 'Notes on Sculpture 4: Beyond Objects' 1969. Art & Language: Editorial introduction to Art-Language 1969. Ian Burn and Mel Ramsden: 'The Role of Language' 1969. Lawrence Weiner: Statements 1969-72. Victor Burgin: 'Situational Aesthetics' 1969. John A. Murphy: Sponsor's statement for 'When Attitudes become Form' 1969. Germano Celant: from Art Povera 1969. Eva Hesse: Interview with Cindy Nemser. Joseph Beuys: 'Not just a few are called, but everyone' 1972. Lea Vergine: from 'The Body as Language' 1974. Bruce Nauman: Interview with Michele De Angelus 1980. 20. Political Aspects. Helio Oiticica: 'Appearance of the Supra-Sensorial' 1967/8. Dan Graham: Presentation to an Open Hearing of the Artworkers Coalition 1969. Mierle Laderman Ukeles: 'Maintenance Art Manifesto' c. 1969. Lucy Lippard: 'Interview with Ursula Meyer' 1969 and 'Postface' 1973. Artforum: 'The Artist and Politics: a Symposium' 1970. Art Workers Coalition: Statement of Demands 1970. Valie Export: 'Woman's Art' 1972. Joseph Beuys: 'I Am Searching for Field Character' 1974. Hans Haacke: Statement 1974. Marcel Broodthaers: 'To be bien pensant... or not to be. To be blind' 1975. Mel Ramsden: from 'On Practice' 1975. Ian Burn: 'The Art Market: Affluence and Degradation' 1975. Victor Burgin: from 'Socialist Formalism' 1976. Art & Language: Editorial to Art-Language 1976. 21. Critical Revisions. Jacques Derrida: from Of Grammatology 1967. Michel Foucault: 'What is an Author?' 1969. Louis Althusser: from 'Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses' 1970. Thomas Kuhn: from 'Postscript - 1969' 1970. Roland Barthes: 'From Work to Text' 1971. Robert Smithson: 'Cultural Confinement' 1972. Leo Steinberg: from Other Criteria 1968-72. Rosalind Krauss: 'A View of Modernism' 1972. Jean Baudrillard: 'Ethic of Labour, Aesthetic of Play' 1973. Laura Mulvey: 'Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema' 1973/75. Michel Foucault: A Lecture 1976. Rosalind Krauss: 'Notes on the Index, Part I' 1976/77. Fredric Jameson: from 'Reflections on the Brecht-Lukacs Debate' 1977. Raymond Williams: 'Dominant, Residual and Emergent' 1977. Edward Said: From Orientalism 1978. Part VIII: Ideas of the Postmodern. Introduction. 22. The Critique of Originality. Jean Baudrillard: 'The Hyper-realism of Simulation'1976. Pierre Bourdieu: 'Being Different' 1977. Craig Owens: 'The Allegorical Impulse' 1980. Rosalind Krauss: from 'The Originality of the Avant-Garde' 1981. Hal Foster: 'Subversive Signs' 1982. Sherrie Levine: Statement 1982. Art & Language: 'Letter to a Canadian Curator' 1982. Barbara Kruger: ' Taking Pictures' 1982. Peter Halley: 'Nature and Culture' 1983. Fredric Jameson: 'The Deconstruction of Expression' 1984. Haim Steinbach, Jeff Koons, Sherrie Levine, Philip Taaffe, Peter Halley, Ashley Bickerton: 'From Criticism to Complicity' 1986. Julia Kristeva: Interview with Catherine Francblin 1986. 23. Figures of Difference. Edward Said: from 'Opponents, Audiences, Constituencies, and Community' 1981. Mary Kelly: 'Re-Viewing Modernist Criticism' 1981. Ana Mendieta: 'Art and Politics' 1982. Krzysztof Wodiczko: 'Public Projection' 1983. Victor Burgin: from 'The Absence of Presence' 1984. Jacqueline Rose: 'Sexuality in the Field of Vision' 1984/85. Niklas Luhmann: 'The Work of Art and the Self-Reproduction of Art' 1984-86. W. J. T. Mitchell: 'Image and Word' and 'Mute Poesy and Blind Painting' 1986. Raymond Williams: 'When was Modernism?' 1987/89. Louise Bourgeois: Statements from an Interview with Donald Kuspit 1988. Richard Rorty: 'Private Irony and Liberal Hope' 1989. Gayatri Chakravorti Spivak: 'Who Claims Alterity?' 1989. Richard Serra: The Yale Lecture 1990. Mike Kelley: 'Dirty Toys: Mike Kelley Interviewed' 1991/2. Martin Kippenberger: Interview with Jutta Koether 1991/94. Peter Wollen: 'Into the Future: Tourism, Language and Art' 1990/93. Homi K. Bhabha: On 'hybridity' and moving 'beyond' 1994. 24. The Condition of History. Daniel Bell: from 'Modernism and Capitalism' 1978. Jean-Francois Lyotard: 'Introduction' to The Postmodern Condition 1979. Jurgen Habermas: 'Modernity - An Incomplete Project' 1980. Jean-Francois Lyotard: 'What is Postmodernism?' 1982. Julia Kristeva: 'Powers of Horror' 1980. Donald Judd: from '... not about master-pieces but why there are so few of them' 1984. Joseph Beuys, Jannis Kounellis, Anselm Kiefer, Enzo Cucchi: from 'The Cultural-Historical Tragedy of the European Continent' 1986. Gerhard Richter: from 'Interview with Benjamin Buchloh' 1988. Gerhard Richter: Notes 1990. Jeff Wall: from a discussion 1990. Diederich Diederichsen: 'Which Side are You on, Cultural Worker?' 1990. Albert Oehlen: in conversation with Wilfred Dickhoff and Martin Prinzhorn 1991. Olu Oguibe: 'In the Heart of Darkness' 1993. IIlya Kabakov: On installations 1994 and 2000. Doris Salcedo: Interview with Charles Merewether 1999. Franco Moretti: 'MoMA2000: The Capitulation' 2000. Bibliography. Copyright Acknowledgements. Index.