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Spacecraft Systems Engineering
£53.95

SPACECRAFT SYSTEMS ENGINEERING

HARDBACK BY FORTESCUE, PETER; SWINERD, GRAHAM; STARK, JOHN

£53.95

ISBN
9780470750124
IMPRINT
WILEY-BLACKWELL
 
 
EDITION
4TH EDITION
PUBLISHER
JOHN WILEY AND SONS LTD
STOCK FOR DELIVERY
IN STOCK
FORMAT
HARDBACK
PAGES
724 pages
PUBLICATION DATE
12 AUG 2011

DESCRIPTION

This fourth edition of the bestselling Spacecraft Systems Engineering title provides the reader with comprehensive coverage of the design of spacecraft and the implementation of space missions, across a wide spectrum of space applications and space science. The text has been thoroughly revised and updated, with each chapter authored by a recognized expert in the field. Three chapters - Ground Segment, Product Assurance and Spacecraft System Engineering - have been rewritten, and the topic of Assembly, Integration and Verification has been introduced as a new chapter, filling a gap in previous editions. This edition addresses `front-end system-level issues' such as environment, mission analysis and system engineering, but also progresses to a detailed examination of subsystem elements which represents the core of spacecraft design. This includes mechanical, electrical and thermal aspects, as well as propulsion and control. This quantitative treatment is supplemented by an emphasis on the interactions between elements, which deeply influences the process of spacecraft design. Adopted on courses worldwide, Spacecraft Systems Engineering is already widely respected by students, researchers and practising engineers in the space engineering sector. It provides a valuable resource for practitioners in a wide spectrum of disciplines, including system and subsystem engineers, spacecraft equipment designers, spacecraft operators, space scientists and those involved in related sectors such as space insurance. In summary, this is an outstanding resource for aerospace engineering students, and all those involved in the technical aspects of design and engineering in the space sector.

CONTENTS

List of Contributors xiii Preface to the Fourth Edition xv Preface to the Third Edition xix Preface to the Second Edition xxi Preface to the First Edition xxiii List of Acronyms xxv 1 INTRODUCTION John P. W. Stark, Graham G. Swinerd and Adrian R. L. Tatnall 1.1 Payloads and Missions 3 1.2 A System View of Spacecraft 4 1.3 The Future 9 2 THE SPACECRAFT ENVIRONMENT AND ITS EFFECT ON DESIGN John P. W. Stark 2.1 Introduction 11 2.2 Pre-Operational Spacecraft Environments 11 2.3 Operational Spacecraft Environments 17 2.4 Environmental Effects on Design 40 3 DYNAMICS OF SPACECRAFT Peter W. Fortescue and Graham G. Swinerd 3.1 Introduction 49 3.2 Trajectory Dynamics 51 3.3 General Attitude Dynamics 58 3.4 Attitude Motion of Specific Types of Spacecraft 63 3.5 Oscillatory Modes 71 3.6 In Conclusion 73 Appendix: The Inertia Matrix 73 4 CELESTIAL MECHANICS John P. W. Stark, Graham G. Swinerd and Peter W. Fortescue 4.1 Introduction 79 4.2 The Two-body Problem-Particle Dynamics 81 4.3 Specifying the Orbit 92 4.4 Orbit Perturbations 93 4.5 Restricted Three-body Problem 106 5 MISSION ANALYSIS John P. W. Stark and Graham G. Swinerd 5.1 Introduction 111 5.2 Keplerian Orbit Transfers 114 5.3 Mission Analysis 116 5.4 Polar LEO/Remote-Sensing Satellites 122 5.5 Satellite Constellations 127 5.6 Geostationary Earth Orbits (GEO) 133 5.7 Highly Elliptic Orbits 143 5.8 Interplanetary Missions 147 6 PROPULSION SYSTEMS J. Barrie Moss and John P. W. Stark 6.1 Systems Classification 177 6.2 Chemical Rockets 180 6.3 Spacecraft Propulsion 202 6.4 Electric Propulsion 206 7 LAUNCH VEHICLES J. Barrie Moss and Graham E. Dorrington 7.1 Introduction 221 7.2 Basic Launch Vehicle Performance and Operation 222 7.3 Spacecraft Launch Phases and Mission Planning 231 7.4 The Ariane 5 Launch Vehicle 236 7.5 US Crewed Launch Systems 239 7.6 Small Launchers and Reusable Sub-Orbital Vehicles 242 7.7 Re-Entry into Earth's Atmosphere 244 7.8 Specific Launch Costs and Reliability 247 8 SPACECRAFT STRUCTURES John M. Houghton 8.1 Introduction 251 8.2 Design Requirements 251 8.3 Material Selection 256 8.4 Analysis 263 8.5 Design Verification 274 8.6 Impact Protection 276 8.7 Configuration Examples 278 8.8 The Future of Space Structures 285 9 ATTITUDE CONTROL Peter W. Fortescue and Graham G. Swinerd 9.1 Introduction 289 9.2 ACS Overview 290 9.3 The Spacecraft Attitude Response 294 9.4 Torques and Torquers 301 9.5 Attitude Measurement 309 9.6 ACS Computation 321 10 ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMS John P. W. Stark 10.1 Introduction 327 10.2 Power System Elements 328 10.3 Primary Power Systems 330 10.4 Secondary Power Systems: Batteries 345 10.5 Power Management, Distribution and Control 347 10.6 Power Budget 350 11 THERMAL CONTROL OF SPACECRAFT Chris J. Savage 11.1 Introduction 357 11.2 The Thermal Environment 358 11.3 Thermal Balance 362 11.4 Thermal Analysis 366 11.5 Thermal Design 371 11.6 Thermal Technology 375 11.7 Thermal Design Verification 386 11.8 Example of Satellite Thermal Design-XMM/Newton 390 12 TELECOMMUNICATIONS Ray E. Sheriff and Adrian R. L. Tatnall 12.1 Introduction 395 12.2 Techniques of Radio Communications 400 12.3 The Communications Payload 422 12.4 Conclusion 436 13 TELEMETRY, COMMAND, DATA HANDLING AND PROCESSING Nigel P. Fillery and David Stanton 13.1 Introduction 439 13.2 System Architecture 440 13.3 Telemetry Data Formatting 442 13.4 Telecommand 449 13.5 Communication Techniques and Protocols 455 13.6 On-Board Data Handling (OBDH) and Processing 458 13.7 Technology 464 13.8 Tools and Controlling Documents 466 14 GROUND SEGMENT Franck Chatel 14.1 Introduction 467 14.2 The Ground Station 468 14.3 Flight Dynamics 475 14.4 The Ground Data System 480 14.5 The Flight Operations System 483 15 SPACECRAFT MECHANISMS Guglielmo S. Aglietti 15.1 Introduction 495 15.2 One-Shot Devices 497 15.3 Continuously and Intermittently Operating Devices 507 15.4 Components 513 15.5 Materials 520 15.6 Tribology 521 15.7 Testing and Verification 523 15.8 Conclusion 524 16 SPACECRAFT ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY ENGINEERING Ken M. Redford 16.1 Introduction 527 16.2 Examples of EMC Problems 528 16.3 EMC Specifications 528 16.4 Electromagnetic Compatibility-Terms and Definitions 529 16.5 EMC Fundamentals 530 16.6 The Systems Approach to EMC 531 16.7 EMC Categories 531 16.8 Electrostatic Discharge 535 16.9 Spacecraft Grounding Schemes 536 16.10 Major Causes of Spacecraft EMC Problems 541 16.11 Analysis Methods for Spacecraft EMC Engineering 542 17 ASSEMBLY, INTEGRATION AND VERIFICATION Terry Ransome 17.1 Introduction 545 17.2 Some Definitions 545 17.3 The Verification Plan 547 17.4 Relationship between Analysis and Test 551 17.5 The AIV Plan 552 17.6 Testing: General 553 17.7 Test Types 557 17.8 Model Philosophy 561 17.9 Build Standards and Applications 564 17.10 Ground Support Equipment 567 17.11 Checkpoints in the AIV Programme 571 17.12 Verification Closeout 572 17.13 Launch Preparation 572 17.14 Conclusion 573 18 SMALL SATELLITE ENGINEERING AND APPLICATIONS Martin N. Sweeting and Craig I. Underwood 18.1 Introduction 575 18.2 Small Satellite Design Philosophy 579 18.3 Small Satellite System Design 580 18.4 COTS Components in the Space Environment 583 18.5 Microsatellite Platforms 587 18.6 Minisatellite Platforms 590 18.7 Nanosatellite Platforms 590 18.8 Affordable Launches for Small Satellites 592 18.9 In-Orbit Operations 594 18.10 Small Satellite Applications 597 18.11 Picosatellites and Recent Advances in Miniaturization 603 18.12 Conclusion 604 19 PRODUCT ASSURANCE Geoffrey Hall 19.1 Introduction 607 19.2 Product Assurance in a Project 609 19.3 Reliability/Dependability 613 19.4 Parts 618 19.5 Materials and Processes 622 19.6 Product Assurance in Manufacturing, AI&V 626 19.7 Safety 634 19.8 Product Assurance in Operations 637 19.9 Software Product Assurance 638 19.10 PA in Technology Developments 640 19.11 The Assurance Message 642 20 SPACECRAFT SYSTEM ENGINEERING Adrian R. L. Tatnall, John B. Farrow, Massimo Bandecchi and C. Richard Francis 20.1 Introduction 643 20.2 System Engineering 644 20.3 Concurrent Engineering 654 20.4 A Case Study: Cryosat 667 20.5 Conclusion 678 Index 679